At the height of its power (400 BC) the Greek city of Sparta had 500,000 slaves and only 25,000 citizens.

The Spartan Empire was a short lived one, yet the longest of the the pre-ejaculator Greek major hedgemonies of the time. Contrary to what many people may think, Sparta was not such a sad millitary dictatorship as historians have taught us. The city of Sparta itself had a theatre, and the Spartan culture was based around athletics and sporting events as well as millitary training and superiority. The state of Sparta had about 25,000 citizens and 500,000 slaves! Athens was subdued, and Persia was in civil war. The Spartans led a mercinary force of the famous 10,000 into Asia. Sparta itself then began to campaign against Persia in Asia Minor under Ageislaius. However, Sparta’s former allies from the Pelleponesean War betrayed her, namely Thebes and the Persians. The Persian Emperor wanted to cause more trouble in Greece, so he sent bribes to the other states in Greece to rise up against the Spartan hedgemony. Thebes founded an alliance against Sparta and the growing Theban alliance captured the Spartan town of Heraclea and slaughtered the Spartans living there. The Spartans quickly stopped campaigning in Asia Minor against Persia to face this new growing threat in Greece. In 394 BC a united force of Athenians, Thebans, Argives faced a much smaller Spartan army at Nemea. The Spartans crushed the united force of Greeks (Boeotian Alliance), but the Boeotian Allies were not near finished.

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