Sources of Information, Reporting Techniques, and Reproducibility


Reporting is the process of gathering information and putting it together into a news story. This article focuses on sources of information, reporting techniques, and reproducibility. Using the techniques and principles of reporting, you can create news stories with your own unique perspective. There are several different types of news: daily, weekly, monthly, or quarterly. Each type of news piece will have its own specific format and time period. However, there are a few key components to any news story.

Reporting techniques

When writing a news report, the journalist should be mindful of the 5 Ws and an H. The first is “Why should I read this?” Providing context answers the second question. It allows the journalist to determine what the reader needs to know, and gives them the information they need to make an informed decision. According to the American Press Institute, context can help journalists gain new readers because it provides readers with the specific circumstances surrounding a news story’s facts.

Sources of information

News can be made from a number of sources, including people, books, files, films, and tapes. While journalists generally work from observation, there are certain events that are over by the time they arrive. Likewise, some issues can only be known from the leaves of a plant. Without sources, journalists may miss important details. In these situations, a third-party source will usually suffice. Here are some examples of sources that journalists use for newsmaking:


The Daily Mail is infamous for its bad reporting. Its position in the UK news ecosystem is indicative of the broader ecosystem. Its asymmetric edge reflects the asymmetry of the surrounding media landscape. In terms of reliability, it has only 0.18 reliable edges. On the other hand, the top 10 most reliable sites are surrounded by conspiracy theories and extreme-right sites. This situation may be problematic when assessing news and information sources.


The reproducibility crisis is plaguing many scientists, causing questions about the funding and foundations of science. It first began in the 1990s, when an experiment by several scientists in different labs produced results that were sometimes not reproducible. While the experiment may have been identical in its outcome, a number of the researchers did not report the results because they had different methods or reagents. Ultimately, the researchers had to resort to speculative reporting.


Many factors determine the level of bias in news coverage. These factors include the source of the media’s income, political or ideological stance, and the target audience. Nevertheless, biases do not have to be obvious. An example of media bias is where stories from conservative sources are placed in more liberal news outlets. This can indicate an underlying partisan bias. This bias can also affect the way consumers view a news event.

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